Arusha Agreement Rwanda

10 January 1993 – The Arusha Memorandum of Power Sharing is being negotiated, an agreement on the establishment of a large-scale interim government The peace process began with the signing of the N`sele ceasefire agreement in July 1992. In January 1993, the RPF and the government signed the surplus of the power-sharing protocol. In July 1993, a number of efforts were made to reach consensus on the government`s power-sharing, in particular on the Prime Minister`s position. In the Arusha Accords, the MDR was appointed Prime Minister, and they elected Faustin Twagiramungu as prime minister candidate, but internal divisions within the party prevented him from taking office; It was rejected by a new hard-line element of the MDR associated with Hutu Power. A power-sharing government was not formed in 1993. Ambassador Flaten writes that any mention of demobilization leads to an upsurge in violence on the streets of Rwanda. He reported an outbreak of violence in Ruhengeri, a town northeast of Kigali, due to “insufficient coverage of Kinyarwanda radio on the government`s plans to demobilize the army.” The French-language channel reported that “the government is considering plans to retrain demobilized soldiers at the end of the war,” but on the Kinyarwanda station “it appeared that the army had to be demobilized.” Washington, DC, May 21, 2014 – The Arusha Accords, a peace agreement signed in August 1993 between the Rwandan government and the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), have failed in the worst way that peace agreements can fail. Documents released today by the National Security Archive and the Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum attest to the role of the international community in the non-implementation of the demobilization program, an important part of the Arusha agreements that eventually led to genocide in April 1994. The large-scale transitional government takes and includes measures, including through bilateral agreements, to protect marginal nationals who have chosen to settle as immigrants to host countries. These immigrants have the same rights as all other marginal citizens. This document outlines plans to establish a citizen security apparatus under a new government and two important points of disagreement regarding demobilization. The Rwandan government wants the soldiers identified for demobilization to be separated from the rest of the troops and then “returned to demobilization activity”. The RPF wants all troops to remain together until demobilization.

In addition, the RPF wants to pay the families of the dead soldiers, but the Rwandan government opposes it because “it has no comparable system and has never been able to verify the rights of the RPF”. The Rwandan government has signed tripartite agreements with UNHCR and the Burundian and Zaire governments respectively on the voluntary repatriation of refugees. These agreements set the conditions for repatriation, including the protection of returnees and land ownership.1 On 18 July 1995, an agreement was signed between the Tanzanian government, the Rwandan government and the UNHCR representative for the creation of the Tripartite Tanzanian Refugee Compensation Commission. The agreement provided for provisions for four delegations representing Rwanda, Tanzania, UNHCR and the Organization of African Unity (3). , the security situation has deteriorated.